Friday, August 14, 2015

Definition of Independence

Pakistan celebrates its independence day on the 14th of August. Many disagreed with the idea of partitioning India into a Muslim and Hindu state but the political elites eventually got their way in 1947.
The borders were hurriedly drawn up by a British lawyer, Cyril Radcliffe, who had little knowledge of Indian conditions and with the use of out-of-date maps and census materials.
The partition led to the largest mass migration in human history of some 10-15 million people wit...h Muslims migrating from present day India to present day Pakistan and Bangladesh (which was then known as East Pakistan) and Hindus migrating to present day India although many decided to stay in their ancestral lands.
Over one million civilians died in the accompanying riots and local-level fighting, particularly in the western region of Punjab which was cut in two by the border. The riots were a result of a lack of military and political control on the part of the British who had colonized India.
Today, there are approximately 180 million Muslims in India, 11 million Hindus in Bangladesh and over 2 million Hindus in Pakistan.
Do you think the partition was a good idea?

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