Progress is never a conciliation with the Norms.. Understanding is never an isolation from Cross-Borders.. and Love is never a Loneliness nor Greed..!



Wednesday, September 17, 2014

Scotland Blue Print..

Scotland
 
Across the world, there are many political movements target to break-away regions from their countries.. This is the seriousness and implications of Scotland Referendum 2014..

This is the unspoken and common worry among all ruling politicians worldwide.. If this "Legal" processing make its success in Scotland on Sep 18; there will be no excuse or justification to ignore claims for independence from any territories across the world..

This will start with Crimea, which its referendum had took place, yet rejected by the "Democratic" world, despite the presence of international monitors..

In advance to the referendum in Scotland; it is widely proven how politicians would compile false facts to reach their goals.. Despite the high HDI rank in UK in general and Scotland in particular, there are many evidences that the true facts had been carefully hidden within emotional campaigns of both parties..

Yes, the No campaign are more realistic than the Yes one.. the No party did not disclose the true cost of sovereign divorce nor the long path needed to conclude.. The uncertainty and probabilities of unsuccessful endeavors are unbelievably great and mushroom.. This is the true risk of independence verdict..


UK, and Scotland within, occupy the 14th rank of HDI.. what would be the case for underdeveloped nations.. Since the partition of South Sudan, its deteriorated rank can not go lower than 187, the lowest worldwide..!!


In both cases, separation or unity favored, I believe that UK should revised it representation structure..
 
Currently, they are four British nations, whereas only three exercise partial sovereignty, while England is not.. Therefore, there is no Federation but Subordination.. This is the unspoken bottom-line..


Therefore, England should have its own Parliament, Capital and Government.. Then London should be a Federal Capital, with appropriate representation of the nations..


This will be the threshold of British Equality, Fairness and Justice..


I wonder, why such topic is not raised, so far..!

Nuclear Family Needs To Die


Why the nuclear family needs to die, in order for us to live
The concept of a nuclear family is relatively recent – it is first mentioned in The Oxford English Dictionary  in 1925 – and refers to a household that consists of a mother, father and their children.  It is recent because the cost of establishing a household has been historically very high and young couples simply could not afford to do so.  It was the economic ability to live separately that then enabled the significant social change of splitting up the extended family.  History Future Now believes that the nuclear family is a historical aberration and ultimately doomed to fail.

Extended family is historically and geographically the norm

In many parts of the world today the extended family remains the norm. Most families in Latin America, Africa, the Middle East and parts of Southern Europe live in households that are multi generational in their make up, with grandparents, parents and children all living under the same roof.  In some countries, such as Iraq, the extended family concept is so broad that the marriage of first cousins is encouraged, keeping the wealth and the family even closer together.
In the West, if you go as far back as the late Roman Republic and the early Roman Empire the paterfamilias concept extended not just to all of the immediate family members living in a household, but also to a vast retinue of slaves, freedmen and clients.
The break up of the extended family in the West was triggered by the the Industrial Revolution, which was a major driver of internal and external migrations.  Young men and women would leave their family households and go into temporary lodgings near to their place of work. Eventually they would marry and set up a home away from their extended families.
We are seeing the same pattern occurring in countries like China today, where millions of young Chinese from the central and western parts of China have left their hometowns and villages to seek jobs in factories along the coast.  Many households are neither extended families nor nuclear families, but rather single dwellings or group dormitories, with a completely different set of social rules and norms.

The impact of the Great Recession on families

Interestingly, the decline of jobs in the West, due to the Great Recession and a general trend towards outsourcing jobs to lower cost countries, robotics,  automation and software,  has resulted in an increase in the number of people living in extended families.  The number of multi-generational households in the US shot up from 2007 to 2009, according to a October 2011 report by the Pew Research Centre.  It observes that:
Without public debate or fanfare, large numbers of Americans enacted their own anti-poverty program in the depths of the Great Recession: They moved in with relatives. This helped fuel the largest increase in the number of Americans living in multi-generational households in modern history. From 2007 to 2009, the total spiked from 46.5 million to 51.4 million.
Living in a multi-generational household appears to be a financial lifeline for many. Although their adjusted incomes overall are lower, the poverty rate among people in multi-generational households is substantially smaller than for those in other households—11.5% vs. 14.6% in 2009, according to a new Pew Research Center analysis of Census Bureau data.
Moreover, the potential benefits of living in multi-generational households are greatest for the groups that have been most affected by the Great Recession. Among the unemployed, the poverty rate in 2009 was 17.5% for those living in multi-generational households, compared with 30.3% for those living in other households.
The statistics from 2009 to 2012 are not yet available, but it is likely that the percentage has increased significantly since 2009.

The nuclear family is unsustainable economically

Much of the analysis and press about the re-emergence of the extended family in the West focuses on the fact that it is expensive to live apart and how living together is cheaper for everybody.  The implication is that once the economy gets moving again, people will go back to their old ways and extended family units will split apart.
History Future Now is not so sure.
The decline of the extended family was mirrored by the simultaneous increase in the size of government in order to provide the services that were once handled by the extended family.  Essentially big government has replaced the role of the extended family in many societies today.  Since big government is no longer affordable, the nuclear family will no longer be affordable either.  Here are four examples where a move to living in extended families would help reduce costs and reduce the size of government.
Childcare.  The government currently provides childcare for young families.  This is in the form of funding for nursery placements for pre school age children.  This is expensive, but arguably helpful for the economy as it frees more parents to enter the work force, or to remain in the workforce.  In an extended family, childcare is provided by a combination of grandparents and parents.  This is good for young people as they can develop relationships with adults other than their parents and good for old people as spending time with young people keeps them active.
Retirement homes.  The government currently pays for retirement homes – old people’s homes – for people who are retired and are unable to live on their own.  This is expensive, but arguably helpful for the economy as it frees up adult children from having to look after their parents, enabling them to remain in the workforce.  In an extended family old people can live at home for a much longer period until they get sick or are unable to do anything for themselves. This saves money for the government and is better for the older people.
Pensions. The government currently provides pensions for its retired citizens.  This is expensive and takes money from the existing workforce in the form of taxes and hands it to retired people in the form of benefits.  Given the shrinking number of people in the workforce due to demographics and fewer jobs, this burden is increasingly large for the existing workforce.  If people lived in extended families the cost of housing and living would be lower.  This would mean that government pensions could be smaller and still enable retired people to live comfortable lives.
Unemployment and housing benefits. The government currently provides benefits for people who are unemployed and housing for those who are in need of housing.  This is expensive.  If people lived in extended families housing benefits would not be necessary and the reduced cost of living due to being in shared family accommodation would mean that unemployment benefits could be lower and still enable unemployed people to live without falling below the poverty line.

A fall in GDP would be a good thing

The basic measurement of a country’s economic well being is Gross Domestic Product (GDP).  We talk about GDP per capita (or its cousin Gross National Product -GNP)  and growth in GDP and think that the higher both numbers are the better off we will be.  The problem with GDP is that all it measures is money changing hands in an economy.  If you pay for childcare that has an impact on GDP. If your parents look after your children while you are at work there is no impact on GDP.  If you divorce, sell your house, and buy two new houses and furnishings GDP goes up, but it is hard to argue that this has been a good thing for society.
People living in nuclear families and as singletons are great for GDP as they need lots of services to be provided by other people as it is impossible to live completely on your own.  The number of purchased services  required is huge and range from  builders, plumbers, painters, dog walkers and fast food all the way to therapists and cleaners.  Other services are provided by the government, as noted above.  If more people lived in extended families you should expect a significant drop in the GDP of a country.  If you are a politician who has pledged to boost GDP and employment, promoting extended families will not get you there.
Governments in the West are heavily indebted and as discussed in a previous article there is no real way out, with the exception of debt jubilees (or defaults) and hyperinflation.  But even if the debt disappeared, the underlying problem remains – living outside extended families is enormously expensive and there are not enough good jobs to pay for the way of life that we have become used to. 
The great irony that many people are realising, however, is that they are working in order to pay for the services that are provided by non family members.  If the extended family provided a lot of those services then they would not need to work as long hours or earn such a high income to pay for them.

There is hope

While some people cant stand their in laws, parents, or kids, for the vast bulk of society the extended family is a wonderful thing.  However,  it will take time to readjust to living together.  There will be friction as adult children and their parents work out how to live together with mutual respect.
It is just worth remembering that for the past 70,000 years of human history we have lived very successfully in extended families and it is only in the last 100 years that we have done anything different. A brave politician (I know a number of you read this) would go against the prevailing trends and would advocate extended family friendly policies.
There is reason to think that we can adjust.  There is hope.

http://www.historyfuturenow.com/wp/why-the-nuclear-family-needs-to-die-in-order-for-us-to-live/#.VBltQ29gZvg.facebook

Failed Democracy

 
The true failure of the "Democracy" is never the concept itself, but the governance tools..
If an elected politician fails, no mechanism to remove him/her from the office; till forthcoming elections take place.. Even so, lobbying would control rather than the dissatisfied public..
Political Scientists try to defend the democracy rather than rectify the gaps for potential corruption and misalignment to the public.. No one question the justification and legitimacy of Democracy as a proper ruling mechanism..
WE question the guarantees for its health, fitness and consistence..
Undoubtedly, there is no proper mechanism, therefore, people across the world are angry and eager to mob and revolt..
 
We need to rationalize the Democracy..!
 

Tuesday, September 16, 2014

Breaking-away.. Scotland Blue Print..

 
 
Across the world, there are many political movements target to break-away regions from their countries.. This is the seriousness and implications of Scotland Referendum 2014.. This is the unspoken and common worry among all ruling politicians worldwide.. If this "Legal" processing make its success in Scotland on Sep 18; there will be no excuse or justification to ignore claims for independence from any territories across the world.. This will start with Crimea, which a referendum had took place, yet rejected by the "Democratic" world, despite the presence of international monitors..
 
The list below tells only about the main claims in Euroasia, yet not all of them.. There are many more in Africa, Asia and South America..

 

Scotland

Scotland
Despite some British reluctance and disdain towards of Scottish independence, the region will hold a referendum on 2014 in which Scots will decide whether or not to leave the UK.
--------------------------------------

Wales

Wales
Though the Welsh independence movement has a long history, the question of Scottish independence has exhumed a substantive debate on Welsh independence. The region enjoys a fair amount of autonomy and has its own assembly government.
Membership in one of Wales' biggest nationalist parties, Plaid Cymru, has jumped significantly in recent years.
----------------------------------------
 
 
Flanders
 
Flanders
Although not all Flemish citizens want outright independence, many seek greater autonomy from the current Belgian government, in order to protect Flemish culture and the Dutch language.
Recently, political parties that favor more autonomy have had huge gains in Dutch politics — on Sunday, the leader of the separatist party NV-A was elected mayor of Antwerp.
------------------------------------------
 

Catalonia

Catalonia
movement has been around for quite some time. The region has its own unique language, culture, dining specialties, and architecture.
The movement e subsided in large part, but Spain's economic downturn has driven many Catalonians in favor of independence. Catalonia is Spain's wealthiest autonomous community, and pays more in taxes to the federal government than it receives — much to the ire of Catalonians.
--------------------------------------------

Basque Country

Basque Country
The Basque country, which lies on the border between Spain and France, has long sought independence based on its unique cultural identity and distinct language; however, the separatist movement has been marred by violence. ETA, the primary Basque separatist and independence movement, is known more for its terrorist activities than its diplomatic negotiations.
But in 2011, ETA declared its armed campaign to be over. The organization has violated ceasefires before, but to date the agreement appears to have ended the violence.
----------------------------------------
 

Venice

Venice
One of Italy's most scenic cities wants has recently declared that it wants to to break away from the country, rather than be burdened by austerity measures. In early October thousands gathered in protest throughout Venice to call for independence.
Venice and the surrounding Veneto area was an independent republic during the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. It has only been a part of the Italy since the Third Italian War of Independence united the country 146 years ago.
Local polls declared that 70-80 percent of Venetians favored breaking away from Italy.
------------------------------------------


Quebec
 
Quebec
The French-speaking Candian province has always prided itself on its francophonic roots, and last month's elections reflects this sentiment.
The Parti Quebecois (PQ), which advocates sovereignty for Quebec, gained 54 seats in the Quebec general election — enough to form a minority government. 
 -------------------------------------

Kurdistan

Kurdistan
Kurdistan refers to a region dominated by the eponymously named people located in eastern Turkey, eastern Syria, northern Iraq, northern Iran, and partially in Armenia.
Although Iraqi Kurdistan has a semi-autonomous status within Iraq, many Kurdish organizations call for the creation of an independent Kurdish state, based on their independent language and culture.
The main separatist organization, the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK), has branches in Syria, Turkey, and Iraq. It is classified as a terrorist organization by the U.S. and the E.U.
Not only are the Kurds caught in their own battle for independence, but the conflict in Syria has Turkey concerned over its own Turkish minority.
---------------------------------- 

Abkhazia and South Ossetia

Abkhazia and South Ossetia
Sovereignty over the two self-declared republics in the Caucasus has been a hot topic since the 2008 South Ossetian War between Russia, Georgia and the separatists governments in the two "breakaway republics."
The war started when Georgian forces occupied South Ossetia in order to assert its control and to respond to attacks on peacekeeprs, much to the chagrin of Russia — which is supported by the unrecognized government in South Ossetia. Russian peacekeepers were killed in the Georgian occuptation, so Russia responded by invading both South Ossetia and Abkhazia 
Today, the regions are technically under Georgian sovereignty, and most states do not recognize the Abkhazia and South Ossetia as independent states.
 
 
 

 

 
 

Friday, August 29, 2014

Arabic re-Renaissance


Very few Arabs and Muslims; who had been gifted the capacity to scrutinize righteous from wrongdoing..  Despite how delicate to address the mostly emotional and passionate topics related to religion and mythical beliefs; these knowledge-warriors are symbols of the divine verdict to enable the nation to survive.. This survival is not meant to hurt, disgrace or defeat any other school of thought or belief, but was necessary to balance the evil powers from stimulating desires and soft spots within the humane fabric..

Prior to September 2011, there were no security domination worldwide, apart from routine criminals and outlaws.. Rare events of terrorism were easy to control and defuse; without depriving the principle rights, interests and concern of the public.. Since September 11, billion were invested in security operations and precautions that already provoke most rights.. Certainly, blames of this spiral phenomenon are pointed to Muslims..

The same applies to many regrettable issues world wide..
As Ibrahim AlBuleihi put it: Muslims (not Islam) had not only over loaded ourselves, but we had over loaded the world with unfortunate events, circumstances and costs..
Confusion, misguidance and superficiality had invaded the Arabs and Muslims ad created paradoxical and contradictive situations with the others..!! 

The true question is about what we are aiming for..?
What we want to accomplish or prove..?

What the purpose, target, gain or endeavor..?
Certainly nothing..

In a simple Islamic vision; the people are divided into three categories.. Leaders, Executives and Commons..
Leaders who are supposed to have Allah swt within their hearts, so they can lead the nation towards the prosperous righteous path..
Executives who have Allah swt in their minds, and had qualification to administer the nation and capable to scrutinize issues and advise the Leaders on the best ways forward..
Then, the Commons, who watch out for Allah swt in their simple deeds and actions, led by those Allah-fearing leaders and empowered by those Allah-knowing executives..
If non of the above are not there, it simply means the abounding of Islam's teachings, bylaws and philosophies.. Which were set to guide the nation..!


Sexual Objectification..



During the last four years, particularly since the awful sexual harassment of female protests and journalist at Tahrir Square, the talks are endless about this phenomenon and the various social, psychological and religious implications..

The below video is a simple nice attempt to hi-light the cause-roots of the universal problem, as defined: Men are Sexual subjects, while women are sexual objectives.. Maybe the video comes for equality and feminism perspectives, yet it is good point of view should the media tycoons respect..
Certainly no...!!


America in Decay

 
 
"Politics is a domain of final ends, subject to democratic contestation, but Administration is a realm of implementation, which could be studied empirically and subjected to scientific analysis.."
Max Weber
 
 
The issue of Civic Service is one of the infinitive legacies of Mankind.. This is not resulted from the continuous debates and arguments on efficiency and best practices, but due to the unspoken contradiction between the mighty tendencies: Anarchy & Order..
 


America in Decay: The Source of Political Dysfunction
By Francis Fukuyama
September/October 2014 Issue
http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/141729/francis-fukuyama/america-in-decay?cid=nlc-foreign_affairs_this_week-082814-america_in_decay_5-082814&sp_mid=46845006&sp_rid=YWRpbHN1ZEBob3RtYWlsLmNvbQS2
 

The creation of the U.S. Forest Service at the turn of the twentieth century was the premier example of American state building during the Progressive Era. Prior to the passage of the Pendleton Act in 1883, public offices in the United States had been allocated by political parties on the basis of patronage. The Forest Service, in contrast, was the prototype of a new model of merit-based bureaucracy. It was staffed with university-educated agronomists and foresters chosen on the basis of competence and technical expertise, and its defining struggle was the successful effort by its initial leader, Gifford Pinchot, to secure bureaucratic autonomy and escape routine interference by Congress. At the time, the idea that forestry professionals, rather than politicians, should manage public lands and handle the department’s staffing was revolutionary, but it was vindicated by the service’s impressive performance. Several major academic studies have treated its early decades as a classic case of successful public administration.

Today, however, many regard the Forest Service as a highly dysfunctional bureaucracy performing an outmoded mission with the wrong tools. It is still staffed by professional foresters, many highly dedicated to the agency’s mission, but it has lost a great deal of the autonomy it won under Pinchot. It operates under multiple and often contradictory mandates from Congress and the courts and costs taxpayers a substantial amount of money while achieving questionable aims. The service’s internal decision-making system is often gridlocked, and the high degree of staff morale and cohesion that Pinchot worked so hard to foster has been lost. These days, books are written arguing that the Forest Service ought to be abolished altogether. If the Forest Service’s creation exemplified the development of the modern American state, its decline exemplifies that state’s decay.

 
"The problem with scientific management is that even the most qualified scientists of the day occasionally get things wrong, and sometimes in a big way.."
Francis Fukuyama

The story of the U.S. Forest Service is not an isolated case but representative of a broader trend of political decay; public administration specialists have documented a steady deterioration in the overall quality of American government for more than a generation. In many ways, the U.S. bureaucracy has moved away from the Weberian ideal of an energetic and efficient organization staffed by people chosen for their ability and technical knowledge. The system as a whole is less merit-based: rather than coming from top schools, 45 percent of recent new hires to the federal service are veterans, as mandated by Congress. And a number of surveys of the federal work force paint a depressing picture. According to the scholar Paul Light, “Federal employees appear to be more motivated by compensation than mission, ensnared in careers that cannot compete with business and nonprofits, troubled by the lack of resources to do their jobs, dissatisfied with the rewards for a job well done and the lack of consequences for a job done poorly, and unwilling to trust their own organizations.”

In his classic work Political Order in Changing Societies, the political scientist Samuel Huntington used the term “political decay” to explain political instability in many newly independent countries after World War II. Huntington argued that socioeconomic modernization caused problems for traditional political orders, leading to the mobilization of new social groups whose participation could not be accommodated by existing political institutions. Political decay was caused by the inability of institutions to adapt to changing circumstances. Decay was thus in many ways a condition of political development: the old had to break down in order to make way for the new. But the transitions could be extremely chaotic and violent, and there was no guarantee that the old political institutions would continuously and peacefully adapt to new conditions.

The very stability of institutions, however, is also the source of political decay. Institutions are created to meet the demands of specific circumstances, but then circumstances change and institutions fail to adapt. One reason is cognitive: people develop mental models of how the world works and tend to stick to them, even in the face of contradictory evidence. Another reason is group interest: institutions create favored classes of insiders who develop a stake in the status quo and resist pressures to reform.

But Madisonian democracy frequently fails to perform as advertised. Elite insiders typically have superior access to power and information, which they use to protect their interests. Ordinary voters will not get angry at a corrupt politician if they don’t know that money is being stolen in the first place. Cognitive rigidities or beliefs may also prevent social groups from mobilizing in their own interests. For example, in the United States, many working-class voters support candidates promising to lower taxes on the wealthy, despite the fact that such tax cuts will arguably deprive them of important government services.


Log into FP for full text..!
http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/141729/francis-fukuyama/america-in-decay?cid=nlc-foreign_affairs_this_week-082814-america_in_decay_5-082814&sp_mid=46845006&sp_rid=YWRpbHN1ZEBob3RtYWlsLmNvbQS2

Monday, August 25, 2014

What is the state of freedom of religion in Malaysia?

freedom of religion hand (Custom)
Freedom of religion in Malaysia is a delicate matter – that is no secret. And with the marriage of religion and politics, along with “human rights-ism”, this freedom is slowly eroding.
 
By Danny Lim
In June, the Selangor Islamic Religious Council (Mais) and the Selangor Islamic Religious Department (Jais) refused to obey the Selangor state government’s order to return the Malay language Bibles that had earlier been seized from the Bible Society of Malaysia (BSM). The Mais chairman even decided that there was a legal case against BSM, contradicting the Attorney-General’s statement that there was none as the seized Bibles did not involve issues of national security.
 
So you have religious authorities vehemently disobeying and contradicting the state executive and the top federal legal advisor. This was only the latest of many instances over the years where legal, political and religious authorities have clashed over religious issues.
 
As always, there are political agendas behind such clashes. But the legal boundaries governing such matters are unclear to many. What does the Federal Constitution say about such matters? Law professor Dr Azmi Sharom provides some answers at the forum on “Colloquium on Freedom of Religion” in KL, which was jointly organised in May by the Penang Institute and the Islamic Renaissance Front.
 
On the marriage of religion and politics in Malaysia…
Azmi: The relationship between religion and politics has been around for the longest time, but it wasn’t until the 1980s when this whole idea that religiosity had to play a much bigger role in politics emerged. That was the period when there was resurgence in a greater expression of one’s faith in public, spurred by the 1979 Iranian Revolution. PAS became the primary threat to Umno.
 
Thus began the political game of “Anything Islamic you can do, I can do better.” This led to a greater amount of power being given to religious authorities like Jais, Jawi and Jakim.
 
This was not unusual in our context. In the early 20th century, there was a schism in Islamic thought in the country between the more conservative Kaum Tua and the progressive Kaum Muda. The Kaum Tua ultimately won partly because literacy wasn’t high in those days, and partly because they associated themselves with the traditional feudal power – the sultans – in a mutually beneficial relationship.
 
This kind of relationship between the political masters and the religious authorities became stronger from the 1980s onwards. Religious authorities advocated certain ideas which any ruling power would enjoy – for example, obedience. This extended to the suppression of intellectualism in the name of protecting the faith.
 
Religious conservatism has grown in this country because we have never had a critical mass of Islamic intellectualism in our education system. In Indonesia, even the pesantren (religious schools) encourage students to question and debate points of view that are contrary to their own personal beliefs to ensure that they are strong enough to withstand trial. We do not have that here, and when you do not have that ability and space to question, it becomes very easy for any political power to retain control.
As the political masters find that it is good to have the religious authorities on their side, the latter’s influence has increased over the years. Laws are becoming more awful. For example, the Islamic Family Law in the past was a lot better than it is today. Before, you had to prove necessity and justness to be allowed to marry a second wife. Now, you only have to prove either one. Women’s rights take a backseat.
 
Conservatism is becoming ever more powerful in our makeup. With it, religious liberty is suppressed.
 

Azmi Sharom. Photograph: Danny Lim
Azmi Sharom.
Photograph: Danny Lim
 
On Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak’s “Human Rights-ism” threat…
Under the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the preamble declares that we deserve to live in a world where there is freedom of expression and belief, freedom from want and freedom from fear. What is so deviationist about those aspirations?
 
Religion is being used as a distraction from real political issues, and today’s situation in which religious liberty, political development and democracy are curtailed results from the close relationship between politicians and religious authorities. It is too late now for the government to do anything about it; they have associated themselves too closely with the religious authorities. To back down now would mean to be un-Islamic.
 
On the tools of persecution in the country…
The Printing Presses and Publications Act (PPPA) allows great control over what is published – particularly books – and on what grounds books can be banned. Any publication found to be prejudicial to public order – morality, security or whatever is likely to alarm public opinion – can be banned. It is extremely broad and can be used very freely and easily.
 
Recent amendments to the PPPA are hilarious. In the past, a newspaper had to renew its printing license annually. Now, they do not have to renew it every year because the government can revoke it at any time.
 
There is the Sedition Act. What is seditious is anything that promotes “feelings of ill-will between races and classes of Malaysian society”. The act doesn’t actually mention religion, but under the Constitution, a Malay is defined as a Muslim. So if you promote feelings of ill-will against Islam, then it could be viewed as promoting ill-will between races because Malays are Muslims.
Regarding the case against the late Karpal Singh, the Sedition Act actually says if you raise (feelings of ill-will) against the government or the rulers (the sultans) and if you’re doing it for the purpose of pointing out that they’re doing something incorrect, that is not sedition.
 
Karpal was of the opinion that the Sultan of Perak had done something wrong constitutionally. This fell under the exception in the Sedition Act, yet Karpal was found to be seditious.
 
Finally, there are the Syariah Criminal Offences Laws which differ from state to state, although you can find general themes across the board. For example, if you are spreading false doctrine or false worship, it can land you in jail, but it is the individual state Islamic departments that determine what is considered false doctrine. If they feel that your practice of Islam is somehow not to their liking, they can declare it as deviant.
 
On how these laws fit under the Federal Constitution…
Article 10 says that we all have freedom of expression except for when national security is concerned – it can be curtailed then. But how far can you curtail it, and on what grounds?
 
Article 11 says that everyone has freedom of religion. So if a Muslim chooses a particular route that he or she wants to take, then the freedom is there, guaranteed under Article 11. You should not be able to stop that.
 
Article 3 says that Islam is the religion of the federation, but all other religions can be peacefully practiced in the country. If the Christians want to use “Allah” in their prayers, Article 3 actually allows it, as long as they peacefully practice their faith. Then again, the judge in the Court of Appeal said that the word “Allah” is not actually part of a Christian’s faith; therefore the authorities can stop one from using it. But who is to say what an integral part of one’s faith is?
 
Likewise, under Article 11, you have no right to stop Shias or Ahmadiyyas from practicing their faith, but the authorities get powers to do so from the Syariah Criminal Offences Laws.
My argument is that Article 3 does not mean that Malaysia is an Islamic state; it is quite clear in the preparatory work for the Constitution that the Alliance leaders did not want Article 3 to mean that Malaysia is an Islamic state.
 
Prime Minister Najib Razak, who warns that Islam is being tested by an ideology which can be termed as "human rights-ism".
Prime Minister Najib Razak, who warns that Islam is being tested by an ideology which can be termed as “human rights-ism”.
Photograph: Ishak J./
Flickr
 
On the problem with the Federal Constitution…
The problematic line in the Constitution is in Schedule 9, which lays down the powers of law-making – where Parliament can make laws on such-andsuch topics, and state governments can make laws on a detailed list of Islamic matters such as marriage, divorce, property, inheritance, etc.
 
Then there’s one little line, which says they can also enforce Syariah Criminal Offences Laws for matters that “go against the precepts of Islam”. But what does “precepts of Islam” mean? What if it is deemed against the precepts of Islam to disobey your leaders, and they make a law against people criticising Umno?
 
What then is the point of having a democracy?
 
On moving forward…
The answer is institutional change, the most important being the judiciary because it determines whether something is constitutional or not. It controls the limits with which an authority can act.
However, we increasingly see situations where it is obvious that something contravenes the Constitution, but judges refuse to uphold the ruling, such as in cases regarding freedom of religion. In the Lina Joy case, the Federal Court washed their hands of it, saying that it was a matter of procedure and not for them to decide. They did not deal with the fundamental question: is it her right to leave the religion? They passed it back to the Federal Syariah Court despite the fact that Federal Syariah Criminal Offences Laws do not have any provision for leaving of the religion.
 
Compare and contrast to 1988, when the Supreme Court made a landmark decision on the case of Jalaluddin Osman, who was born to a Muslim family but converted to Christianity and was subsequently detained under the ISA because he was supposedly a threat to national security. The court actually held that the government acted unconstitutionally because his right to choose his religion fell under Article 11 of the Constitution.
 
There is no easy answer. It is a matter of striving continuously, and what is important is we need to put forward the view that constitutional rights and human rights are actually in the interests of everybody. If they can suppress me now, they can suppress you tomorrow.
 
Danny Lim is a journalist and photographer devoted to sociopolitical issues, as well as a fixer for international media.
http://penangmonthly.com/what-is-the-state-of-freedom-of-religion-in-malaysia/

Monday, August 18, 2014

Racial or Social Tension..?


State vs. People.. An American Spring..!!


It is not racial riot at Ferguson of Missouri
 
It is a social breakdown that Obama had escalated 
 
Social Estate is not only Moneys in hands, but also Inspirations in hearts, and Integrations in minds..
 
Statistics tell that the loud failure of Obamacare had attracted attentions away from deep poverty and inequality among disadvantaged Americans..
 
Also, while Immigration debate uncontrollably triggered philosophical talks, it hides sever misery among the unfortunate earlier migrants..
 
Despite how citizen of US and most of industrialized world, have little or no interest in world order and politics, yet the noise associated with failed attempts to contain ISIL, ASAAD, PUTIN, KIM-IL, BASHEIR, LIBYA, and EBOLA
 
Obama PR disasters had gone to far to contain..
 
The Public needs a continuous feed of victories and excitements.. The minute you stop; the second they recall your ill-deliveries..!!

Watch out for Farrakhan guys..!!
 
 
Mourning The Victim: Michael Brown
 
Supporting The Suspect: Darren Wilson
 
Zahid Hussain Khalid's photo.
Obama's Scores on US Sociopolitics


Stereotype of Earlier Migrants


Flyer Passed Around in Ferguson Shows ‘Nation of Islam’ as Organizer Behind Protests/Riots
See more at: http://www.libertynews.com/2014/08/shock-flyer-passed-around-in-ferguson-shows-nation-of-islam-as-organizer-behind-protestsriots/#sthash.RxrqC1HU.dpuf

Saturday, August 16, 2014

ماذا تعرف عن الإيزيديين

Alalam News Channel's photo.
 
ماذا تعرف عن الإيزيديين
هي مجموعة دينية في الشرق الأوسط. ويعيش أغلبهم قرب الموصل ومنطقة جبال سنجار في العراق. وتعيش مجموعات أصغر في تركيا ,سوريا، إيران ،جورجي...ا وأرمينيا. عرقيا ينتمون إلى اصل كردى ذات جذور هندو أوروبية رغم أنهم متأثرون بمحيطهم الفسيفسائي المتكون من ثقافات عربية اشورية وسريانية فأزيائهم الرجالية قريبة من الزي العربي اما ازيائهم النسائية فسريانية. يتكلم الايزديون اللغة الكردية وهي لغة الأم ولكنهم يتحدثون العربية أيضا، خصوصا ايزيدية بعشيقة قرب الموصل، صلواتهم وادعيتهم والطقوس والكتب الدينية كلها باللغة الكردية، أو مرگه الشيخان حيث موطن امرائهم، والتي سميت في كتب التاريخ بـ(مرج الموصل) وقبلتهم هي لالش حيث الضريح المقدس لـ(الشيخ أدي) بشمال العراق ويعتبر الأمير تحسين بك من كبار الشخصيات الديانة الايزيدية في العراق والعالم.
 
كان الأيزيديين يسمون في فترات تأريخية سابقة بـالداسنية والتيراهية ثم بعد ظهور الشيخ عدي الهكاري اشتهروا بالصحبتية والعدوية والهكارية. ويبدو أن تسمية الأيزيدية اطلق عليهم ايام سيطرة العثمانيين على كردستان والعراق. ومن أشهر مواطنهم سابقا حسب (كتاب الشرفنامه‌) جزيرة ابن عمر (بوطان) والموصل ودهوك ودياربكر وحلب واورفا وخوي بأيران (امراء دنبلي). ولكن هذا الانتشار انكمش تحت ضغط حملات الإبادة وفرمانات الدولة العثمانية.
التسمية جاءت من (يزد) أو (يزدان) وذللك لاعتقادة هذه الفئة بـ(إله) بهذا الاسم. مدينة (يزاد) أو (يزدان) الفارسية ومعنى التسمية (الله).
 
الرموز:
رسم لتمثال الملك الطاووس
الرّب، الله: (لا تجري ماهيته في مقال، ولا تخطر كيفيته ببال، جل عن الأمثال والاشكال، صفاته قديمة كذاته، ليس كمثله شيء) (بانه الرب هو اله البشر وانّ الملك الطاووس ملك للملائكة)
 
الملك طاووس
وهو يحكم الكون بمعية سبعة من الملائكة. وهذه الملائكة السبعة خاضعة للرب الأعلى.
للماء والنار والتراب والهواء تعتبرا رموزا المقدسة في الديانا الايزيدية ويمثلا حياة مستقلة بحد ذاتها

ومن ابرز طقوسهم الدينية : هو (الدعاء) وهو لثلاث فترات مع شروق الشمس وغروبها، يدعو فيه الايزيديون بالخير والسلام للبشرية جمعاء عامة ومن ثم لهم والإيزيدية كديانة لها فكرها ومسلكها الخاص في أداء طقس الصلاة (الدعاء) لخالق الكون الله يسمونه بلغتهم الاريية القديمة (خودى) أو (ئيزدان) وتتجلى في عدد من الأدعية والنصوص بعضها تختص بطلوع الشمس مع الفجر فالظهيرة ومن ثم الغروب، وبعضها الأخر تختص ببعض المناسبات الدينية كالأعياد مثلاً، أو أدعية أخرى تتلى على المريض، وأخرى تقترن بحدوث الفيضانات والكوارث، ومنها ما تختص بظاهرة كسوف الشمس وخسوف القمر ووإلخ..
كتب مقدسة: كتاب الجلوة لـ عدي بن مسافر ومصحف رش (بالعربية:الكتاب الأسود)
 
المعتقدات:
وادي لالش في العراق هو المكان المقدس.
الحج إلى وادي لالش.
الصلاة عبارة عن أدعية مع التوجه نحو الشمس.
الصوم : يصوم الايزديون في السنة أكثر من مرة والايزدي مدعو للصيام طول السنة فهو يمكن ان يصوم متى ما شاء وهذا الصيام يكون خاصا يرتبط برغبة الشخص ولكن هناك صوم عام يسمى صوم (ايزي) (ئيزي) اي صيام(الله) لمدة ثلاثة ايام يصادف غالبا شهر كانون الأول الميلادي لان الايزديين يتبعون التقويم الشرقي القديم(الكريكوري) وفي هذه الايام الثلاث يصوم الايزدي من كل ملذات الدنيا وفي اليوم الرابع بعد الصيام يصادف العيد المسمى (رۆژيێت ئيزي).
القبلة:القبلة لدى الايزديين هي الشمس باعتبارها اعظم ما خلقه الله حيث يتوجه الايزدي أو الايزدية نحو الشمس للدعاء التي تاخذ شكل الدعاء والمصلي عليه الاغتسال اولا ومن ثم الوقوف بخشوع رافعا يديه إلى السماء وهو حافيا القدمين وهذا يتكرر في اليوم ثلاثة مرات عند الشروق وعند الغروب وكذلك في الليل قبل النوم ويتلى في كل مرة تراتيل وادعية خاصة تتميز بأسلوب ادبي ولغوي قوي جدا اشبه بالشعر الموزون والمقفى.
التناسخ كوسيلة للتكفير عن الذنوب.
التعميد المولود.
التوحيد:
التوحيد من احدى الاسس الثابتة في فلسفة الدين الايزدي لذا الايزديون لايعتقدون بوجود الأرواح الشريرة والعفاريت والشياطين والابالسة لانهم يعتقدون أن الإقرار بوجود قوى أخرى تسيير الإنسان يعني الثانوية وتبرير لما يقوم به البشر من افعال. لذا الإنسان في العقيدة الايزدية يمثل المسؤول عما يفعله وليس الجن أو الأرواح الشريرة. وان الله هو كله خير اما الشر فياتي أيضا من بابه نتيجية لافعال البشر لذا الصراع بين الخير والشر هو في الأساس صراع بين النفس والعقل فاذا انتصر العقل على النفس نال الإنسان خيرا
قصة الخلق لديهم تشابه قصة الخلق في الأسلام في بعض النواحي ألا أنهم يعتبرون ان ابليس أو عزازيل كما يسميه الايزيديين كان من أفضل الموحديين حيث رفض السجود لادم لانه اعتبر السجود لغير الله ذل وبذلك رفعه الله لمكانه عظمية ونصبه ملكا على الملائكة.
الاحتفال في أول أربعاء من شهر نيسان في كل عام من السنة الشرقية.